Cookies play an important role in facilitating the access and delivery of multiple services the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
Customize certain settings such as: the language in which a site is viewed, accessing old preferences by clicking the ‘forward’ and ‘backward’ buttons.
Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users so they can make them even more effective and more accessible to users.
Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included in a particular site to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience.
What is a cookie?
A “Cookie Internet” (also known as “cookie browser ” or ” HTTP cookie ” or simply ” cookie “) is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, other equipment of a user accessing the Internet.
The cookie is installed through a web browser request from a browser ( eg Internet Explorer, Chrome ) and is completely ” passive ” ( does not contain software, viruses or spyware, and can not access the information on the hard drive user ).
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or the cookie value. Furthermore, the duration of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.
Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users.
There are 2 large categories of cookies:
Session cookies – they are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder so that they store them until the user exits the site or closes the browser window (for example, when logging in / out of an account webmail or social networking).
Persistent cookies – these are stored on the hard drive of a computer or device (and generally depends on the default cookie lifetime). Persistent cookies also include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘ third party cookies ‘ – which can be used anonymously to store the interests of a user so that advertising is delivered as relevant to users as possible.
What are the benefits of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) and a specific web-server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the already stored information and respond accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide user-friendly services : ex – online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by web servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session ( session cookies ) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that site ( cookie- permanent ).However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
What are cookies placed by third parties?
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / vendors (eg news box, video or advertisement ). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called ” third party cookies ” because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third-party vendors must also comply with the applicable law and privacy policies of the site owner.
How cookies are used by a site.
A visit to a website may place cookies for:
increasing website performance;
a visitor analysis;
This type of cookie retains the user’s preferences on this site, so they no longer need to be set at every site visit.
Examples: Volume settings for video player, streaming video speed with which browser is compatible.
Cookies for Visitor Analysis
Every time a user visits a site, analytics software provided by a third party generates a user analysis cookie. This cookie tells you if you’ve visited this site before. The browser will flag you if you have this cookie, and if not, one will be generated. It allows monitoring of unique users who visit the site and how often they do it.
As long as the visitor is not registered on the site, this cookie can not be used to identify individuals, they are only used for statistical purposes. If registered, you may also know the details provided, such as your email address and username – subject to confidentiality, in accordance with the legislation in force on the protection of personal data.
Cookies for geotargetting
These cookies are used by software that determines where you come from. It is completely anonymous and is used only to target the content – even when the visitor is on the page in Romanian or in another language, the same advertisement will be received.
Cookies for registration
When you sign up for a site, a cookie is generated that tells you if you are registered or not. Servers use these cookies to show your account and if you have permission for a specific service. It is also allowed to associate any comments posted on your site with your username. If you have not selected “keep me registered”, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer.
Other cookies from third parties
On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or customize an application.
For example, when you share ( share ) an article using the social network button on a site, that social network will record your activity.
What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize your browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.
The cookie stores important information that enhances the Internet browsing experience (for example, the settings of the language in which a site is accessed, keeping a user logged in to the webmail account, online banking security, keeping products in the shopping cart )
Why are Internet Cookies Important?
Cookies are the central focus of the Internet’s efficient operation, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites impossible to use.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account):
Content and services tailored to user preferences – news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
Offers tailored to the interests of users – password retention, language preferences (eg display of search results in Romanian ).
Retain child copy filters for Internet content ( family mode options, safe search functions ).
Measurement, optimization, and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what kind of content is viewed, and how a user reaches a website (eg , search engines, directly from other websites, (s )). Websites run these analyzes of their use to improve sites for the benefit of users.
Security and confidentiality issues
Cookies are NOT Viruses ! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they can not be executed or executed. Consequently, they can not duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again.Because they can not perform these functions, they can not be considered viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have built in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Tips for safe, responsible, cookie-based navigation.
Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable cookie-level for you.
If you share your computer access, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access sites that place cookies and delete any visitor information when you close the browsing session.
Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
How do I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use.
It is possible to set the browser to disable these cookies or to set the browser to accept cookies from a particular site. But for example, if a visitor is not registered using cookies, he will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the Options / Settings menu or in the Browser Favorites / Favorites menu.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful:
Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari
For third-party cookie settings, you can also visit the site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com